Error Analysis Found in Students’ Writing Composition in Simple Past Tense of Recount Text

Tira Nur Fitria


This study was to find the types of error analysis and the most dominant form of error analysis found in the Simple Past Tense Writing Composition of Students, especially in Recount Text. This study used a mixed-method both qualitative and quantitative approach. From the study, it was shown that the error of the students in writing Simple Past Tense composition consists of certain elements of writing, such as grammar, punctuation, and spelling. There were 57 data in grammar, or 53.37 %, consisting of errors in class terms like in determiner/article (25 data or 43.86 %), in verb (14 data or 24.56 %), in a preposition (11 data or 19.30 %) and the last in a noun (7 data or 12.28 %). While the most dominant error was in determiner/article. Second, in the aspect of spelling, there were 26 data or 21.70 %). Third, in the aspect of punctuation, there were (23 data or 24.53 %). It is shown that the most dominant error found in the students’ writing composition in the grammar aspect is 57 data or 53.37 percent based on the frequency of each aspect of error.


Error, Error Analysis, Writing, Simple Past Tense, Recount Text

Full Text:



Anderson, M., & Anderson, K. (1997). Text Types in English. Macmillan Education Australia.

Brown, H. D. (2007). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. Pearson Longman.

Cowan, R. (2008). The Teacher’s Grammar of English with Answers: A Course Book and Reference Guide. Cambridge University Press.

Ellis, R. (1997). Second Language Acquisition. OUP Oxford.

Ferris, D. (2011). Treatment of Error in Second Language Student Writing, Second Edition. University of Michigan Press.

Fitria, T. N. (2018). Error Analysis Found in Students’ Writing Composition of Simple Future Tense. 12.

Fitria, T. N. (2019). Errors in Students’ Writing Composition in Simple Present Tense “My Daily Activity.” Edulangue, 2(1), 47–62.

Fitria, T. N. (2020). Error Analysis of English Abstract in International Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting Research (IJEBAR). Al-Lisan, 5(2), 164–181.

Hammersley, M. (2013). What is Qualitative Research? A&C Black.

Harmer, J. (2007). The Practice of English Language Teaching. Pearson Education.

Hasani, A. (2005). Ihwal menulis. Untirta Press.

Heydari, P., & Bagheri, M. S. (2012). Error Analysis: Sources of L2 Learners’ Errors. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 2(8), 1583–1589.

James, C. (2013). Errors in Language Learning and Use: Exploring Error Analysis. Routledge.

Jayanti, A. D. (2019). Student’s Writing Ability on English Descriptive Text at Grade VIII in SMPN 33 Padang. ENGLISH FRANCA : Academic Journal of English Language and Education, 3(01), 71.

Karim, A., Mohamed, A. R., Ismail, S. A. M. M., Shahed, F. H., Rahman, M. M., & Haque, Md. H. (2018). Error Analysis in EFL Writing Classroom. International Journal of English Linguistics, 8(4), 122.

Liu, Y. (2008). The Effects of Error Feedback in Second Language Writing. Journal of Second Language Acquisition and Teaching, 15, 15.

Richards, J. C., & Schmidt, R. W. (2002). Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics. Longman.

Wu, H., & Garza, E. V. (2014). Types and Attributes of English Writing Errors in the EFL Context—A Study of Error Analysis. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 5(6), 1256–1262.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Tira Nur Fitria

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


CrossrefMorarefGoogle ScholarDimensionsIndonesia One SearchAcademia.EduPKP IndexBASE

free web stats English Franca's Visitors
Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.