Religious Belief Model dalam al-Qur’an: Rekonfigurasi Dorongan Perubahan Tindakan Ketaatan

Chandra Kartika Dewi


Religious Belief Model in the Quran: Reconfiguration of Motives for Change Acts of Obedience

The tendency to change behavior in a more spiritual direction is identified by encouraging education and the implementation of worship routines. The identification ignores the basic structure of the formation of religious action that arises as the main consequence of religious belief. This study aims to show the basic construction of a religious activity contained in the Qur'an as the primary guide for every action of Muslims. To achieve this goal, this study uses qualitative methods with a type of literature study strengthened by content analysis to analyze verse, which is identified by thematic method. This study found that the basic concepts that encourage religious action in Islam come from religious beliefs that are indicated by the emphasis on the form of religious threats and the benefits obtained as the desired expectation to encourage religious behavior. Two types of means arise from within the individual, which is reinforced by external impulses whose emphasis is directed at aspects of religious commitment. The formation of beliefs and the impetus towards commitment are independent variables that allow it to be modified as a way to encourage a more religious change of action. Any effort to change behavior, whether by education or worship, is a form of modification to religious beliefs and commitments.


religious belief; religious behavior changes; al-Qur’an

Full Text:



Al-Baiḍāwī, Abd Allah bin ’Umr. Anwār Al-Tanzīl Wa Asrār Al-Ta’wīl. Beirut: Dār Iḥyā’ al-Turās| al-’Arabī, 1418.

Al-Farmāwī, Abd al-Ḥay. Al-Bidāyah Fī Al-Tafsīr Al-Mauḍu’ī. Mesir: Dirāsat Manhajīyah Mauḍu’īyah, 1997.

Al-Marāghī, Aḥmad bin Muṣṭafā. Tafsīr Al-Marāghī. Mesir: Muṣṭafā al-Bāb al-Ḥalabī, 1946.

Al-Qurṭubī, Muḥammad bin Aḥmad. Al-Jāmi’ Li Aḥkām Al-Qur’ān. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risālah, 2006.

Al-Rāzī, Fakhr al-Dīn. Mafātiḥ Al-Ghayb. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1981.

Al-Zamakhsyarī, Maḥmūd bin Umar. Tafsīr Al-Kasysyāf ’an Ḥaqā’iq Ghawāmiḍ Al-Tanzīl. Bairut: Dār al-Ma’ārif, 2009.

Al-Zuḥaylī, Wahbah. Al-Tafsīr Al-Munīr Fi Al-’Aqidah Wa Al-Syari’ah Wa Al-Manhaj. Damaskus: Dār al-Fikr, 2009.

Ali, Yasmin. ‘What Role Does Prior Religious Beliefs Play in Cult Susceptibility: A Descriptive Study’. University of New York, 2022.

Bandura, Albert. ‘Social Cognitive Theory: An Agentic Perspective’. Annual Review of Psychology 52 (28 November 2003): 1–26.

———. ‘Toward a Psychology of Human Agency: Pathways and Reflections’. Perspectives on Psychological Science 13, no. 2 (2018): 130–36.

Basedau, Matthias, Simone Gobien, and Lisa Hoffmann. ‘Identity Threats and Ideas of Superiority as Drivers of Religious Violence? Evidence from a Survey Experiment in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania’. Journal of Peace Research 59, no. 3 (1 May 2022): 395–408.

Carico, Ronald Ron, Jordan Sheppard, and C. Borden Thomas. ‘Community Pharmacists and Communication in the Time of COVID-19: Applying the Health Belief Model’. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy 17, no. 1 (2021): 1984–87.

Davis, Rachel, Rona Campbell, Zoe Hildon, Lorna Hobbs, and Susan Michie. ‘Theories of Behaviour and Behaviour Change across the Social and Behavioural Sciences: A Scoping Review’. Health Psychology Review 9, no. 3 (2015): 323–44.

Domene, José F. ‘Calling and Career Outcome Expectations: The Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy’. Journal of Career Assessment 20, no. 3 (2012): 281–92.

Dwi Tsoraya, Nurul, Okeh Primalaini, and Masduki Asbari. ‘The Role of Islamic Religious Education on the Development Youths’ Attitudes’. Journal of Information Systems and Management (JISMA) 1, no. 1 (2022): 12–18.

Farley, Holly. ‘Promoting Self-Efficacy in Patients with Chronic Disease beyond Traditional Education: A Literature Review’. Nursing Open 7, no. 1 (2020): 30–41.

Fitrianto, Banyumas Rizki, and Sabar Munanto. ‘Upaya Meningkatkan Karakter Religius Guru Dan Siswa Melalui Program Tahfidz Al-Quran Di MIN 3 Banyumas’. Tematik: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Dasar 1, no. 1 (2022): 58–64.

Ghazali, Ezlika M., Dilip S. Mutum, and Nanang Ariswibowo. ‘Impact of Religious Values and Habit on an Extended Green Purchase Behaviour Model’. International Journal of Consumer Studies 42, no. 6 (2018): 639–54.

Gunawan, Sahrul, Tajudin Noor, and Abdul Kosim. ‘Pembentukan Karakter Religius Melalui Program Hafal Al-Qur’an’. Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai 6, no. 2 (2022): 11812–18.

Hamid, Asep Lukman. ‘Perilaku Keberagamaan Masyarakat Kampung Naga Dalam Perspektif Teori Religious Behavior Marie Cornwall’. Al-Afkar, Journal For Islamic Studies 1, no. 1 (2018): 16–37.

Hattar-Pollara, Marianne. ‘Barriers to Education of Syrian Refugee Girls in Jordan: Gender-Based Threats and Challenges’. Journal of Nursing Scholarship 51, no. 3 (2019): 241–51.

Ibn ’Āsyūr, Muḥammad al-Ṭāhir. Al-Taḥrīr Wa Al-Tanwīr. Tunisia: al-Dār al-Tunisīyah li Nasyr, 1984.

Kasdi, Abdurrohman. ‘Wasathiyyah Islam as the Road to Moderatism in Indonesia’. Al-Albab 8, no. 2 (2019): 179–92.

Maiman, Lois A., and Marshall H. Becker. ‘The Health Belief Model: Origins and Correlates in Psychological Theory’. Health Education & Behavior 2, no. 4 (1977): 336–53.

Manshur, Fadlil Munawwar, and Husni Husni. ‘Promoting Religious Moderation through Literary-Based Learning: A Quasi-Experimental Study’. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology 29, no. 06 (2020): 5849–55.

Maseko, Teluleko Nhlonipho, Hui Chuan Huang, and Kuan Chia Lin. ‘Cervical Cancer Screening Behavior of African Women: The Rosenstock Health Belief Model Assessment’. Health Care for Women International 42, no. 7–9 (2019): 976–91.

Matthes, Jörg, Desirée Schmuck, and Christian von Sikorski. ‘Terror, Terror Everywhere? How Terrorism News Shape Support for Anti-Muslim Policies as a Function of Perceived Threat Severity and Controllability’. Political Psychology 40, no. 5 (2019): 935–51.

Miles, Matthew B., and A. Michael Huberman. Qualitative Data Analysis (a Source Book of New Methods). Beverly Hills: SAGE Publications, 1984.

Mohsen, Razaeian. ‘A Narrative Review on Religion Epidemiology with Emphasis on Suicide Behavior’. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences 16, no. 9 (2018): 869–82.

Nahdi Fahmi, Muhammad, and Sofyan Susanto. ‘Implementasi Pembiasaan Pendidikan Islam Dalam Membentuk Karakter Religius Siswa Sekolah Dasar’. Pedagogia : Jurnal Pendidikan 7, no. 2 (2018): 85–89.

Onu, Desmond U., Maria Chidi C. Onyedibe, Lawrence E. Ugwu, and George C. Nche. ‘Relationship between Religious Commitment and Academic Dishonesty: Is Self-Efficacy a Factor?’ Ethics & Behavior 31, no. 1 (2019): 13–20.

Parida, Asep Dudi, and Dewi Mulyani. ‘Kegiatan Ekstrakurikuler Rohani Islam (Rohis) Dalam Pembentukan Karakter Religius Siswa Di MAN 2 Kota Sukabumi’. Bandung Conference Series: Islamic Education 2, no. 1 (2022): 49–56.

Pickel, Gert, and Cemal Öztürk. ‘Islamophobic Right-Wing Populism?: Empirical Insights about Citizens’ Susceptibility to Islamophobia and Its Impact on Right-Wing Populists’ Electoral Success: Eastern Europe in a Comparative Perspective.’ Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe 12, no. 1 (2019): 39–62.

Riḍā, Muḥammad Rasyīd bin ’Ali. Tafsir Al-Mannār. Mesir: al-Hay’ah al-Miṣriyah al-’Ammah li al-Kitāb, 1990.

Ridwan, M K, and Siti Robikah. ‘Ethical Vision of the Qur’an (Interpreting Concept of the Qur’anic Sociology in Developing Religious Harmony)’. Jurnal Ilmiah Islam Futura 19, no. 2 (2019): 308–26.

Rosenstock, Irwin M. ‘Why People Use Health Services’. The Milbank Quarterly 83, no. 4 (2005): 94–124.

Sanusi, Farlan Erlangga. ‘Study Religius Moderation In Literacy Tradition (Optimization Of Thinking, Understanding and Awarenes)’. Annual International Conference on Islamic Education for Students 1, no. 1 (2022).

Saputri, Berty, and Martha Tri Lestari. ‘Motif Hijrah Pada Angola Komunitas Majelis Tato Indonesia Di Kota Bandung (Studi Fenomenologi Motif Hijrah Pada Anggota Komunitas Majelis Tato Indonesia)’. Mediakom : Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi 3, no. 1 (2019): 18–24.

Shihab, M. Quraish. Tafsir Al-Misbah: Pesan, Kesan Dan Keserasian Al-Qur’an. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2005.

Sukino, Sukino, Agus Handini, and Agnia Wara. ‘Pengembangan Sikap Religius Pada Anggota Resimen Mahasiswa (MENWA) Mahapura IAIN Pontianak’. Ta’allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 9, no. 1 (2021): 134–62.

Sulistiyorini, Defi, and Yasin Nurfalah. ‘Pembentukan Karakter Religius Siswa Melalui Kegiatan Dewan Jama’ah Mushola (DJM) Di SMK PGRI 2 Kota Kediri’. Indonesian Journal of Islamic Education Studies (IJIES) 2, no. 1 (2019): 40–49.

Suls, Jerry, and Ladd Wheeler. ‘A History of Social Comparison Theory’. In Social Comparison, Judgment, and Behavior, edited by Jerry Suls, Rebecca L. Collins, and Ladd Wheeler. New York: Oxford University Press, 2020.

Wensinck, Arent Jan. Al-Mu’jam Al-Mufahras Li Alfāẓ Al-Qur’ān Al-Karīm. Mesir: Dār al-Kutub al-Miṣriyah, 1945.

Wu, Shu Fang Vivienne, Nan Chen Hsieh, Li Ju Lin, and Juin Ming Tsai. ‘Prediction of Self-Care Behaviour on the Basis of Knowledge about Chronic Kidney Disease Using Self-Efficacy as a Mediator’. Journal of Clinical Nursing 25, no. 17–18 (2016): 2609–18.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Chandra Kartika Dewi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


CrossrefMorarefGoogle ScholarDimensionsIndonesia One SearchAcademia.Edu

free web stats Al Quds's Visitors
Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.