Implementasi Pemikiran Hermeneutika Martin Heidegger dalam Studi Tafsir Alquran

Supriyanto Supriyanto

Abstract


Implementation of Martin Heidegger's Hermeneutic Thought in the Study of Quranic Interpretation

This article examines Martin Heidegger's hermeneutical thinking and its relevance in the discourse on the science of Qur'anic interpretation. This research was designed with qualitative methods and included in library research. The analysis used by the researcher is data reduction, data display, and drawing conclusions. From the study conducted, it can be seen that: 1) Heidegger's metaphysical deconstruction project begins with a realignment of the most basic of metaphysics, namely the question of being; 2) Heidegger is able to include hermeneutics as part of the study of philosophy, precisely as a form of methodical response in which the subject-object perspective must be objectified through a mode of understanding the world above the consciousness of the subject, so as not to produce a rigid and black-and-white understanding of reality-as stated by Wilhem Dilthey with his Geisteswissencheften and Naturwissencheften; 3) Regarding the integration of hermeneutics into the study of the Qur'an, some of Heidegger's thoughts are considered applicable to open horizons regarding the reality of the interpretation of the Qur'an itself. Regarding the facticity or flux experienced by dasein, it gives us an understanding that the socio-cultural conditions in which dasein lives can affect the formation of human understanding (interpreter), which in the study of interpretation is accommodated with the term pre-understanding or mahaula al-mufassir. The theory about the temporality of dasein at least inspires Muslim thinkers to continue to carry out interpretive activities in order to present religious dictums that have relevance to different social conditions between dasein


Keywords


Hermeneutics; Heidegger; Dasein; Quranic Interpretation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adian, Donny Gahral. Pengantar Fenomenologi. Jakarta: Penerbit Koekoesan, 2010.

Ajidarma, Seno Gumira. Kisah Mata: Fotograf Atara Dua Subjek: Perbincangan Tentang Ada. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Galang Press, 2007.

Almirzanah, Syafa’atun, ed. Upaya Integrasi Hermeneutika Dalam Kajian Alquran Dan Hadis: Teori Dan Aplikasi. Yogyakarta: Lemlit UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, 2011.

Aziz, Nasaiy. “Manusia Sebagai Subyek Dan Obyek Dalam Filsafat Eksistensialisme Martin Heidegger: Kajian Dari Segi Karakteristik Dan Pola Pikir Yang Dikembangkan.” Jurnal Substantia 15, no. 2 (2013).

Baertenes, K. Filsafat Barat Abad XX: Inggris Jerman. Jakarta: Gramedia, 1990.

Bagus, Lorens. Kamus Filsafat. Jakarta: Gramedia, 2000.

Bakker, Anton. Antropologi Metafsik. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Kanisius, 2000.

Drianus, Oktarizal. “Manusia Di Era Kebudayaan Digital: Interpretasi Ontologis Martin Heidegger.” Mawa’iz: Jurnal Dakwah Dan Pengembangan Sosial Kemanusiaan 9, no. 2 (2018).

Engineer, Asghar Ali. Hak-Hak Perempuan Dalam Islam. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2000.

Faiz, Fakhruddin. Hermeneutika Qur’ani: Antara Teks. Konteks Dan Kontekstualisasi. Melacak Hermeneutika Tafsir Al-Manar Dan Tafsir Al-Azhar. Yogyakarta: Qalam, 2003.

Firdausiyah, Umi Wasilatul, and Hardivizon Hardivizon. “Ideologi Bencana Dalam Perspektif Al-Qur’an: Analisis Kata Fitnah Pada Surah Al-Anbiya[21]:35 Dengan Teori Ma’na-Cum-Maghza).” Al-Bayan: Jurnal Studi Ilmu Al- Qur’an dan Tafsir 6, no. 2 (December 31, 2021): 83–94. doi:10.15575/al-bayan.v6i2.13839.

Gadamer, Hans-George. Das Problem des Historischen Bewussteins. German: Mohr Siebeck, 2001.

Hamka. Tafsir Al-Azhar. Jakarta: Panjimas, 2004.

Hardiman, F. Budi. Heidegger Dan Mistik Keseharian: Suatu Pengantar Menuju Sein Un Zeit. Jakarta: KPG, 2003.

Hasanah, Hasyim. “Hermeneutik Ontologis-Dialektis (Sebuah Anatomi Teori Pemahaman Dan Interpretasi Perspektif Hans-George Gadamer Dan Implikasinya Dalam Dakwah).” At-Taqaddum 9, no. 1 (July 31, 2017): 1–33. https://doi.org/10.21580/at.v9i1.1785.

Hasbiansyah, O. “Pendekatan Fenomenologi: Pengantar Praktik Penelitian dalam Ilmu Sosial dan Komunikasi.” Mediator: Jurnal Komunikasi 9, no. 1 (June 10, 2008): 163–80. https://doi.org/10.29313/mediator.v9i1.1146.

Heidegger, Martin. Being and Time A Translation of ‘Sein UnZeit.’ New York: State University of New York Press, 1996.

Lemay, Eric, Pitts, and Jennifer A. Heidegger Untuk Pemula. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2001.

Mahsun, Nafsul Atho, Fahruddin, and Arif, eds. Belajar Hermeneutika Dari Konfgurasi Filosofs Menuju

Praksis Islamic Studies. Yogyakarta: IRCiSoD, 2012.

Malula, Mustahidin. “Ma’nacum Maghza Sebagai Metode Dalam Kontekstualisasi Hadis Musykil (Telaah Pemikiran Dan Aplikasi Hermeneutika Sahiron Syamsudin).” Jurnal Ilmiah Citra Ilmu 15, no. 29 (April 1, 2019): 29–38.

Mayolla, Innoccentius Gerardo. “Hermeneutika Faktisitas Sebagai Modus Eksistensi Bangsa Indonesia Menurut Martin Heidegger.” Lingkar Studi Filsafat Discourse (blog), August 4, 2019.

https://lsfdiscourse.org/hermeneutika-faktisitas-sebagai-modus-eksistensi-bangsa-indonesia-menurut-martin-heidegger/.

Moleong, Lexy J. Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2016.

Muaz, Abdul. “Hermeneutika Dan Mewaktu Bersama Heidegger.” Jurnal Hadis Nusantara 2, no. 2 (2020).

Muhammad Arif, NIM 08510025. “Destruksi Kelupaan Ada (Telaah Komparatif Pemikiran Heidegger dan Suhrawardi).” Skripsi, UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2013. https://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/12869/.

Mulyono, Edi. Belajar Hermeneutika Dari Konfigurasi Filosofis Menuju Praksis Islamis. Yogyakarta: IRCISoD, 2013.

Muslih, Mohammad. Filsafat Ilmu: Kajian Atas Asumsi Dasar. Paradigma Dan Kerangka Teori Ilmu Pengetahuan. Yogyakarta: Lesfi, 2016.

Mustaqim, Abdul. Epistemologi Tafsir Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2010.

Muzir, Inyak Rizwan. Hermeneutika Filosofis Hans Georg Gadamer. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media, 2012.

Nuril Hidayah, NIM 12510032. “Konsep Dasein Menurut Martin Heidegger dan Implikasinya Terhadap Pemikiran Islam.” Skripsi, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, 2017. https://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/id/eprint/27048/.

Palmer, Ricard E. Hermeneutics: Interpretation Teoru in Schleiermacher, Dithley, Heidegger and Gadamer. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1969.

———. Hermeneutika: Teori Baru Mengenai Interpretasi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2005.

Poespoprodjo, W. Hermeneutika. Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2004.

Riyanto, Armada. “Berfilsafat ‘Being and Time’ Martin Heidegger: Catatan Sketsa.” Studia Philosophica et Theologica 17, no. 1 (2017): 1–33. https://doi.org/10.35312/spet.v17i1.35.

Rosyadi, Salim. “Dialektika Dasein Dan Semesta Bahasa | Aqlania: Jurnal Filsafat Dan Teologi Islam.” Aqlania: Jurnal Filsafat Dan Teologi Islam 10, no. 2 (2019). http://jurnal.uinbanten.ac.id/index.php/aqlania/article/view/2300.

Sakni, Ahmad Soleh. “Model Pendekatan Tafsir dalam Kajian Islam.” Jurnal Ilmu Agama: Mengkaji Doktrin, Pemikiran, dan Fenomena Agama 14, no. 2 (2013): 61–75.

Scholz, Oliver R. Verstehen Und Rationalitat. Frankfrut am Main: VittorioKlostermann, n.d.

Setiawan, Asep. “Hermeneutika Al-Qur’an ‘Mazhab Yogya’ (Telaah Atas Teori Ma’na-Cum-Maghza Dalam Penafsiran A l-Qur’an.” Jurnal Studi Ilmu-Ilmu Al-Qur’an Dan Hadis 17, no. 1 (May 8, 2018): 67–94. https://doi.org/10.14421/qh.2016.1701-04.

Siswanto, Joko. Sistem-Sistem Metafisika Barat: Dari Aristoteles Sampai Derrida. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1998.

Soehadha, Mohd. Metode Penelitian Sosial Kualitatif Untuk Studi Agama. Yogyakarta: SUKA Press, 2012.

Subhan, Mohammad. “Tafsir Ideologis Dalam Khazanah Intelektual Islam - Neliti.” Mutawatir: Jurnal Keilmuan Tafsir Hadis 4, no. 1 (2014). https://www.neliti.com/id/publications/154762/tafsir-ideologis-dalam-khazanah-intelektual-islam.

Syamsuddin, Sahiron. Hermeneutika Alquran Mazhab Yogya. Yogyakarta: Islamika, 2003.

———. Hermeneutika Hans-George Gadamer Dan Pengembangan Ulumul Qur’an Dan Pembacaan Alquran Pada Masa Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: Pesantren Nawasea Press, 2016.

Tjahyadi, Sindung. “Manusia dan Historisitasnya Menurut Martin Heidegger.” Jurnal Filsafat 18, no. 1 (October 15, 2016): 51–63. https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.3515.

Wijaya, Aksin. Arah Baru Studi Ulumu Alquran: Memburu Pesan Tuhan Di Balik Fenomena Budaya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2009.

Wisarja, I. Ketut. “Hermeneutika Sebagai Metode Ilmu Kemanusiaan.” Jurnal Filsafat 13, no. 3 (December 15, 2007): 202–8. https://doi.org/10.22146/jf.31790.

Zaman, Akhmad Roja Badrus. “Hermeneutika Sebagai Metode Tafsir Al-Qur'ân dan Kontroversi Penggunaannya.” Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Raushan Fikr 6, no. 2 (July 18, 2017): 159–75. https://doi.org/10.24090/jimrf.v6i2.2739.

———. “Konsep Hermeneutika Al-Qur’an Ma’nā-Cum-Mağza Dan Aplikasinya Dalam Memahami Bunga Bank.” SUHUF 14, no. 1 (June 30, 2021): 79–97. https://doi.org/10.22548/shf.v14i1.603.

Zarkasyi, Hamid Fahmi. “Menguak Nilai Di Balik Hermeneutika.” Islamia 1 (2004).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29240/alquds.v6i1.3165

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Supriyanto Supriyanto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

INDEXED BY:

CrossrefMorarefGoogle ScholarDimensionsIndonesia One SearchAcademia.EduPKP IndexBASE



free web stats Al Quds's Visitors
Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.