Hadis Prediktif Pembunuhan 'Usman bin 'Affan (Analisis Sosio-Historis)

Muhammad Anshori, Al Makin, Nurul Hak

Abstract


Predictive Hadith on the Murder of 'Uṡmān Bin 'Affān (Socio-Historical Analysis)

This paper analyzes the predictive hadith of the murder of ‘Uṡmān ibn ‘Affān by using a socio-historical approach. Hadith as a source of Islamic teachings can’t be separated from the language that used by the Prophet. Among the forms of language that used in the hadith is prediction. Prophet often predict an event that will occur after his death, among of that was the murder of ‘Uṡmān. From the several books of hadith, only al-Mustadrak ‘alā al-Ṣaḥīḥain by al-Ḥākim (321-405 AH./933-1012 M.) explicitly narrated that hadith. The important question that will be answered in this paper is how the authenticity of the isnād (chain of transmitters) and the understanding of the predictive hadith about the murder of ‘Uṡmān? The authenticity of the predictive hadith can’t be said to be valid (ṣaḥīḥ), because there is a narrator who are considered less credible (gairu ṡiqah). The classical method of hadith criticism must be assisted by new scientific disiplines, so the hadith can be understandood comprehensively. By using the socio-historical approach and the theory of hadith criticism, this paper proves that the predictive hadith about the murder of ‘Uṡmān is considered valid (ṣaḥīḥ), because it is supported by historical data. Therefore, the predictive hadith of the murder of ‘Uṡmān can be justified for its authenticity accoding to socio-historical analysis


Keywords


Authenticity; Predictive Hadith; ‘Uṡmān; Socio-Historical.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29240/alquds.v5i2.2666

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