Kecenderungan Tekstual Pada Tafsir Ayat-Ayat Gender: Telaah Penafsiran Wahbah az-Zuhaili Dalam Kitab Tafsir al-Munir

Eko Zulfikar, Ahmad Zainal Abidin

Abstract


This paper discusses several interpretations of the verse about gender in the Tafsir al-Munir by Wahbah az-Zuhaili.The themes discussed include; the origin of women's creation, the 1:2 inheritance formula for women, and women?s leadership in the household. Using the method of constructivism and analysis of intertextuality data, this paper concludes that the interpretation put forward by az-Zuhaili related to these three themes has a different understanding from the contemporary commentators. In the first interpretation (the origin of the creation of women), az-Zuhaili seems to carry gender equality. While the other two things (the inheritance formula 1:2 and household leadership), the interpretation seems to contain subordination (women are lower than men) and marginalization (impoverishment) for women. These three interpretive themes about gender verses show that az-Zuhaili interpreted them in a textual way ? not contextual. Though he lives in contemporary times which incidentally the majority of commentators interpret the Qur'anic verses in a contextual way

Keywords


gender; textual-contextual; interpretation of the Qur?an; Wahbah az-Zuhaili

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidin, Ahmad Zainal. ?Epistemologi Tafsir Alquran Farid Esack?. THEOLOGIA 24, No. 1 (2013).

Al-Andalusi, Muhammad ?Abd al-Haq bin Ghalib Ibn ?Atiyyah. al-Muharrar al-Wajiz fi Tafsir al-Kitab al-Aziz. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-?Ilmiyah, 2001.

Al-Baidhawi, Nashiruddin as-Syairazi. Anwar at-Tanzil wa Asrar at-Ta?wil bi Tafsir al-Baidhawi. Beirut: Dar Ihya? at-Turats al-?Arabi, t.th.

Baihaki. ?Studi Kitab Tafsir al-Munir Karya Wahbah az-Zuhaili dan Contoh Penafsirannya tentang Pernikahan Beda Agama?. ANALISIS 16, No. 1 (2016).

Al-Bukhari, Muhammad bin Isma?il Abu ?Abdullah. Shahih al-Bukhari. CD Room: al-Maktabah as-Syamilah, Digital.

Fakih, Mansour. ?Posisi Perempuan dalam Islam; Tinjauan dari Analisis Gender?, dalam Membincang Feminisme, Diskursus Gender Perspektif Islam. Surabaya: Risalah Gusti, 1996.

Ghafur, Saiful Amin. Mozaik Mufasir Alquran dari Klasik Hingga Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: Kaukaba, 2013.

Http://www.hidayatullah.com/berita/internasional/read/2015/08/09/75463/ulama kontemporer-dunia-syeikh-wahbah-zuhaili-berpulang.html. Diakses selasa, 12 November 2018.

Hidayat, Komarudin. Memahami Bahasa Agama: Sebuah Kajian Hermeneutik. Jakarta: Paramadina, 1996.

Iskandar, Syahrullah. ?Studi Alquran dan Integrasi Keilmuan: Studi Kasus UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung?. WAWASAN: Jurnal Ilmiah Agama Dan Sosial Budaya 1, No. 1 (2016).

Iyazi, Muhammad Ali. al-Mufassirun Hayatuhum wa Manhajuhum. Teheran: Muassasah at-Thiba?ah wa al-Irsyad al-Islami, 1993.

Katsir, Abu al-Fida Ibn. Tafsir Alquran al-Azhim. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-?Ilmiyah, 1998.

Muhadjir, Noeng. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Yogyakarta: Rake Sarasin, 2000.

Ar-Razi, Muhammad Fakhr ad-Din. Tafsir al-Kabir wa Mafatih al-Ghaib. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, t.th.

Surahman, Cucu. Tafsir Kontekstual JIL: Telaah atas Konsep Syariat dan Hudud. Journal of Qur?an and Hadith Studies 2, No. 1 (2012).

Solahudin, M. Pendekatan Tekstual dan Kontekstual dalam Penafsiran Alquran. AL-BAYAN: Jurnal Studi Alquran dan Tafsir 1, No. 2 (2016).

At-Thabari, Muhammad Ibn Jarir. Jami al-Bayan An Tawil Ay Alquran, ed. Abd al-Muhsin at-Turki. Kairo: Dar Hijr, 2001.

Tasbih. Urgensi Pemahaman Kontekstual Hadis (Refleksi terhadap Wacana Islam Nusantara). AL-ULUM 16, No. 1 (2016).

Az-Zamakhsyari, Abu al-Qasim Mahmud bin Umar. Tafsir al-Kasysyaf an Haqaiq at-Tanzil wa Uyun al-Aqawal fi Wujuh at-Tawil. Beirut: Dar al-Marifah, 2009.

Az-Zuhaili, Wahbah. al-Tafsir al-Munir fi al-Aqidah wa as-Syariah wa al-Manhaj. Damaskus: Dar al-Fikr, 2006.

------------------, al-Tafsir al-Wajiz ala Hamisy Alquran al-Azhim. Damaskus: Dar al-Fikr, 1994.

------------------, al-Tafsir al-Wasith. Damaskus: Dar al-Fikr, 2006.

------------------, al-Tafsir al-Munir, terj. al-Kattani dkk. Jakarta: Gema Insani, 2013.

Zulfikar, Eko. Peran Perempuan Dalam Rumah Tangga Perspektif Islam: Kajian Tematik Dalam Alquran Dan Hadis?. DIYA AL-AFKAR: Jurnal Studi al-Quran dan al-Hadis 7, No. 1 (2019).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29240/alquds.v3i2.829

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Eko Zulfikar, Ahmad Zainal Abidin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

INDEXED BY:

CrossrefMorarefGoogle ScholarDimensionsIndonesia One SearchAcademia.EduPKP IndexBASE



free web stats Al Quds's Visitors
Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.