Reduce the Foreign Accent of Indonesian Arabic Learners Through A Minimal Pairs Strategy

Yusring Sanusi Baso


The purpose of this study is to discuss how to use the minimal pairs strategy to help students improve their pronunciation abilities. The Research and Development (R&D) and the Quasy Experimental Non-Equivalent Control Group Designs were combined in this study (QENECGD). The R & D method was used to develop a model for implementing the minimal pairs strategy. The QENECGD method was used to evaluate students' final performance following the implementation of the minimal pairs strategy. The study enrolled 50 students who took Basic Arabic Language Proficiency course. Twenty-five students were assigned to the minimal pairs strategy, while the remaining twenty-five served as the control class. All students were required to read an Arabic script during the pre-test and post-tests. The results of these readings were analyzed for pronunciation accuracy using the provided reading script. The Bogaert scale was used in conjunction with the non-parametric test. The findings indicated that the minimal pairs strategy affected students' attainment of a foreign accent level. Additionally, statistical analysis enables the experimental and control groups to be distinguished. Furthermore, the N Gain Score statistic demonstrates the effectiveness of the minimal pairs method.


Learners of Arabic; foreign accent level; minimal pairs; non-parametric test.

Full Text:



Abu-Bakar, K., & Abdullah, M. F. (2018). Tekanan perkataan arab sebagai bahasa asing dalam kalangan penutur melayu. GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, 18(1), 87–105.

Ahmed, E. (2015). of Portable Technology on L2 Learning Proficiency in Listening and Reading At the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, April, 139.

Arboleda, A. A. (2012). The Accented EFL Teacher: Classroom Implications. Profile: Issues in Teachers’ Professional Development, 14(2), 45–62.

Bongaerts, T., van Summeren, C., Planken, B., & Schils, E. (1997). Age and Ultimate Attainment in The Pronunciation of A Foreign Language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 19(04).

Brosseau-Lapré, F., & Kim, W. H. (2020). Identification of foreign-accented words in preschoolers with and without speech sound disorders. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 63(5), 1340–1351.

Bulgantamir, S. (2015). Acoustic Analysis on the Palatalized Vowels of Modern Mongolian. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 6(6), 1–5.

Felps, D., Bortfeld, H., & Gutierrez-Osuna, R. (2009). Foreign accent conversion in computer assisted pronunciation training. Speech Communication, 51(10), 920–932.

Flege, James E., & Fletcher, K. L. (1992). Talker and listener effects on degree of perceived foreign accent. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 91(1), 370–389.

Flege, James Emil. (1988). Factors affecting degree of perceived foreign accent in English sentences. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 84(1), 70–79.

Foster, M. S. (2016). Visual Speech Perception of Arabic Emphatics and Gutturals. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 170.

Guion, S. G., Flege, J. E., & Loftin, J. D. (2000). The effect of L1 use on pronunciation in Quichua–Spanish bilinguals. Journal of Phonetics, 28(1), 27–42.

Guskaroska, A. (2020). Asr-dictation on smartphones for vowel pronunciation practice. Journal of Contemporary Philology Ss Cyril and Methodius University B Koneski Faculty of Philology, 3(2), 45–61.

Kang, O., Ph, D., Dronjic, V., Ph, D., Plonsky, L., Ph, D., Abercrombie, S., & Ph, D. (2018). Native And Non-Native Raters Of L2 Speaking Performance: Accent Familiarity And Cognitive Processes. May.

Lev-Ari, S., & Keysar, B. (2010). Why don’t we believe non-native speakers? The influence of accent on credibility. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(6), 1093–1096.

Martin, K. I. (2015). L1 impacts on L2 component reading skills, word skills, and overall reading achievement. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 348.

Mohammed Shareef, D. (2017). Context and Linguistic Skills Factors Affecting the Pronunciation of Arabic Proper Names in Speakers of Bahdini Kurdish. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 8(6), 118.

Mosa, A., & Katsuhiko, K. (2014). A way of supporting non-arabic speakers in identifying arabic letters and reading arabic script in an E-learning system. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST, 138(6), 123–129.

Moyer, A. (1999). Ultimate attainment in L2 phonology. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 21(March 1996), 81–108.

Patkowski, M. S. (1990). Age and accent in a second language: A reply to James Emil Flege. Applied Linguistics, 11(1), 73–89.

Piske, T., MacKay, I. R. A., & Flege, J. E. (2001). Factors affecting degree of foreign accent in an L2: a review. Journal of Phonetics, 29(2), 191–215.

Schmale, R., Hollich, G., & Seidl, A. (2011). Contending with foreign accent in early word learning. Journal of Child Language, 38(5), 1096–1108.

Thompson, I. (1991). Foreign Accents Revisited: The English Pronunciation of Russian Immigrants. Language Learning, 41(2), 177–204.

Vatalaro, A., Culp, A. M. D., Hahs-Vaughn, D. L., & Barnes, A. C. (2018). A Quasi-Experiment Examining Expressive and Receptive Vocabulary Knowledge of Preschool Head Start Children Using Mobile Media Apps. Early Childhood Education Journal, 46(4), 451–466.

Weber, A., Broersma, M., & Aoyagi, M. (2011). Spoken-word recognition in foreign-accented speech by L2 listeners. Journal of Phonetics, 39(4), 479–491.

Wedel, A., Jackson, S., & Kaplan, A. (2013). Functional Load and the Lexicon: Evidence that Syntactic Category and Frequency Relationships in Minimal Lemma Pairs Predict the Loss of Phoneme contrasts in Language Change. Language and Speech, 56(3), 395–417.

Yuan, J., Jiang, Y., & Song, Z. (2010). Perception of Foreign Accent in Spontaneous L2 English Speech. Proceedings of Speech Prosody, 100884:1-4.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Yusring Sanusi Baso

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Arabiyatuna: Jurnal Bahasa Arab, Indexed by:

CrossrefMorarefGoogle ScholarDimensionsIndonesia One Search

Arabiyatuna: Jurnal Bahasa Arab, Visitor Counter:

free web stats Arabiyatuna's Visitors

Arabiyatuna: Jurnal Bahasa Arab, Copyright (c):

Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Arabiyatuna: Jurnal Bahasa Arab

Scientific Publication Center

Research and Comunity Service Agency

Institut Agama Islam Negeri Curup

Dr. Ak. Gani Street No. 01 Telp. (0732) 21010

Curup-Rejang Lebong, Bengkulu-Indonesia 39119