The Epistemology of MUI’s Fatwas on Covid-19: Bayani and Burhani Eclecticism | Mun'im | Al-Istinbath : Jurnal Hukum Islam

The Epistemology of MUI’s Fatwas on Covid-19: Bayani and Burhani Eclecticism

Zainul Mun'im(1*)
(1) Institut Agama Islam Darussalam Blokagung Banyuwangi
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.29240/jhi.v7i1.3216

Abstract

This article aims to analyze the legal epistemology used in MUI’s fatwas related to Covid-19. This article focuses on the MUI’s fatwas on the Implementation of Friday and Congregational prayers to prevent the Transmission of the Covid-19 Pandemic and the Fatwa on Guidelines for managing the body (tajhiz al-jana'iz) of a Muslim infected with the Covid-19. This study is library research with qualitative methods. This article shows that MUI uses two epistemologies in its fatwas. The first is the epistemology of bayani, which is mainly derived from the authority of the Quran and Sunnah. This epistemology serves to establish the principle of law in the fatwa. The second is the epistemology of burhani, which is based on rational-empirical arguments. This epistemology serves to find out how dangerous the Covid-19 virus is. The two epistemological branches used by MUI above are an attempt to combine textual and rational-empirical arguments. Based on the eclecticism of these two epistemologies, the fatwa issued by MUI is more in line with the realities of today's life, especially regarding the reality of health during the pandemic of Covid-19.

Keywords


Legal epistemology; MUI’s fatwa; covid-19; bayani, burhani

References


Abe, Taro. “The Japanese Economy and The Covid-19 Pandemic.” Investigación Económica 80, no. 316 (2021): 279–83. https://www.jstor.org/stable/27000415.

Adunis. Al-Tsabit Wa Al-Mutahawwil: Bahts Fi Al-Ibda’ Wa Al-Ittiba’ ‘Inda Al-‘Arab. Bairut: Dar al-Saqi, 1994.

Ahmad, Rumadi. Fatwa Hubungan Antar Agama Di Indonesia: Kajian Kritis Tentang Karakteristik, Praktik, Dan Implikasinya. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2016.

Al-Dimsyaqi, Ibn Kathir. Tafsir Al-Qur’an Al-Karim. Kairo: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1998.

Al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid. Al-Mustashfa Min ‘Ilm Al-Ushul. Madinah: Syirkah al-Madinah al-Munawwarah, 2009.

Al-Jabiri, Muhammad ‘Abid. Al-Khitab Al-‘Araby Al-Mu’Ashir. Bairut: Markaz Dirasat al-Wahdah al-‘Arabiyyah, 1994.

———. Bunyah Al-‘Aql Al-‘Arabi. Bairūt: Markaz Dirāsat al-Wahdah al-‘Arabiyyah, 2009.

Al-Jazairi, ‘Abd Rahman. Al-Fiqh ‘Ala Al-Madzahib Al-Arba’Ah. Bairut: Dar al-Fikr, 1996.

Al-Nawawi, Muhyi al-Din Abu Zakariya ibn Sharaf. Al-Minhaj Sharah Shahih Muslim. Kairo: Maktabah al-Mishriyyah, 1926.

Al-Nawawi, Muhyi al-Din bin Syarf. Kitab Al-Majmu’ Syarh Al-Muhadzdzab. Jiddah: Maktabah al-Irsyad, 2007.

Al-Subki, Taj al-Din. Al-Asybah Wa Al-Nadzair. Bairut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 1991.

Al-Suyuthi, Jalaluddin. Ikhtilaf Al-Madzahib. Kairo: Dar al-I’tisham, 2006.

Al-Thabari, Abu Ja‘far Muhammad bin Jarir. Jami‘ Al-Bayan ‘an Ta’Wil Ay Al-Qur’An. Kairo: Maktabah Ibn Taymiyah, 2008.

Al-Zuhaili, Mauhammad. Al-Qawaid Al-Fiqhiyyah Wa Tathbiqatuha Fi Al-Madzahib Al-Arba’ah. Damsyiq: Daar al-Fikr, 2006.

Al-Zuhaili, Wahbah. Al-Fiqh Al-Islami Wa Adillatuh. Damshiq: Dar al-Fikr, 1985.

Arianti, V, and Muh Taufiqurrohman. “Security Implications of COVID-19 for Indonesia.” Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses 12, no. 3 (2020): 13–17. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26915445.

Arkun, Muhammad. Al-Fikr Al-‘Araby. Bairut: Mashurat ‘Awidat, 1985.

Ba’aly, Sa’id bin Muhammad. Syarh Al-Muqaddimah Al-Hadlramiyyah. Bairut: Dar al-Minhaj, 2004.

Bachand, Jacqueline. “The Effect of COVID-19 on Income Among Households in HUD’s Housing Choice Voucher Program.” Cityscape 23, no. 1 (2021): 279–83. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26999949.

Dahlan, Moh. “Respons Jamaah Tabligh Terhadap Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia Tentang Covid-19.” Jurnal Qiyas 5, no. 1 (2020): 53–69. http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/qys.v5i1.3232.

Fanani, Ahmad. Islam Dalam Berbagai Pembacaan Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2009.

Fealy, Greg. Expressing Islam: Religious Life and Politics in Indonesia. New York: ISEAS Publishing, 2008.

Imaduddin, M. Firdaus. “Studi Persepsi Masyarakat Terhadap Fatwa MUI No. 14 Tahun 2020 Tentang Penyelenggaraan Ibadah Dalam Situasi Wabah Covid-19.” JISA 3, no. 2 (2020): 92–103.

Kaptein, Nico J. G., and Michael Laffan. “Theme Issue: Fatwas in Indonesia.” Islamic Law and Society 12, no. 23 (2005): 25–47. https://www.jstor.org/stable/30002043.

Majelis Ulama Indonesia. “Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia No. 14, Tahun 2020 Tentang Penyelenggaraan Ibadah Dalam Situasi Terjadi Wabah Covid-19.” Jakarta, 2020.

———. “Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia Nomor 18 Tahun 2020 Tentang Pedoman Pengurusan Jenazah (Tajhiz Al-Jana’iz) Muslim Yang Terinfeksi Covid-19.” Jakarta, 2020.

———. Himpunan Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia Sejak 1975. Jakarta: Erlangga, 2003.

Mudzhar, M. Atho. Fatwas of The Council of Indonesia Ulama: A Study of Islamic Legal Thought in Indonesia 1975-1988. Jakarta: INIS, 1993.

Mun’im, Zainul. “Peran Kaidah Fikih Dalam Aktualisasi Hukum Islam: Studi Fatwa Yusuf Al-Qaradawi Tentang Fiqh Al-Aqalliyat.” Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam 15, no. 1 (2021): 151–72. https://doi.org/10.24090/mnh.v15i1.4546.

Muslimin, JM., Rizky Fauzi Iskandar, and Yulia Fatma. “Islam and Medicine: A Study on The Fatwa of Indonesian Ulama Council on Vaccines.” Al-Istinbath : Jurnal Hukum Islam 6, no. 1 (2021): 85–106. https://doi.org/10.29240/jhi.v6i1.2496.

Nursalikah, Ani. “Fatwa Dinilai Jauhkan Umat Dari Masjid, Ini Penjelasan MUI.” Republika, 2020. https://www.republika.co.id/berita/q7fg8r366/fatwa-dinilai-jauhkan-umat-dari-masjid-ini-penjelasan-mui.

Oktalita, Frina, and Darlin Rizki. “Analysis of MUI Fatwa Number 17 of 2020 Regarding Kaifiat Prayer Guidelines for Health Workers Who Wear Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) When Treating and Handling Covid-19 Patients.” Al-Istinbath : Jurnal Hukum Islam 6, no. 2 (2021): 247–70. https://doi.org/10.29240/jhi.v6i2.3332.

Riyanti. “Fatwa Kedaruratan Beribadah Di Masa Pandemi: Studi Atas Respon Masyarakat Bantul Yogyakarta Terhadap Fatwa MUI Tentang Tata Kelola Pelaksanaan Ibadah Di Masa Pandemi.” Yogyakarta, 2020.

Rusyd, Ibn. Fashl Al-Maqal Fi Ma Bayna Al-Hikmah Wa Al-Syari’ah Min Al-Ittishal. Bairut: Dar al-Masyriq, 1986.

Saeed, Abdullah. Islamic Thought: An Introduction. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Sholeh, Asrorun Ni’am. “Towards a Progressive Fatwa: MUI’s Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic.” AHKAM : Jurnal Ilmu Syariah 20, no. 2 (2020): 181–98.

Sudibyo, Lies, and Bambang Triyanto. Filsafat Ilmu. Sleman: Deepublish, 2014.

Tharabisyi, George. Isykaliyat Al-‘Aql Al-‘Araby. London: Dar al-Saqi, 1998.

Zayd, Nasr Hamid Abu. Naqd Al-Khitab Al-Din. Kairo: Sina lil-Nasyr, 1994.


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 284 times
PDF views : 64 times

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Zainul Mun'im

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.