Posisi Republik Islam Iran Dalam Program Nuklir Dalam Perspektif Amerika Serikat

Hendra Maujana Saragih, Mega Murti Lestari, Nurmaida Muis

Abstract


The focus of the research is about foreign policy of United States of America which related with Iran’s Nuclear program under Donald Trump administration.Donald Trump refuse Iran nuclear program because Iran can make nuclear weapons and becoming a threat to world peace especially for Middle East Region. This research is qualitative andthe research method is descriptiveaimed to describe United States of America’s foreign policy under Donald Trump administration which different with the former United States of America’s President. Data collection method used is library, such as books, journals, and articles. Theoretical frameworks used by this thesis to analyze the problem are foreign policy analysis and national interest analysis.The result of this research indicate that Donald Trump give maximum pressure so that Iran can accept the new more comprehensive dealbyexit from Iran’s Nuclear agreement 2015 also known as Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)and would reimpose sanctions that had been suspended pursuant to the agreement and give additional sanctions to Iran.

Keywords


United States; Donald Trump; Iran Nuclear; Foreign Policy; JCPOA; Sanctions

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kerr,Paul K dan Kenneth Katzman, Iran Nuclear Agreement and U.S. Exit, Congressional Research Service, 2018

Levy,Jack S, “Qualitative Methods in International Relations”, dalam Harvey, Frank P. & Brecher, Michael (ed.), Evaluating Methodology in International Studies, (Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 2002)

Mas’oed, Mochtar, Ilmu Hubungan Internasional: Disiplin dan Metodologi, (Jakarta: LP3ES, 1994)

Perwita, A. A dan Y. M Yani, Pengantar Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, (Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya, 2005)

Plano, J. C dan R Olton, Kamus Hubungan Internasional, (Bandung: Abardin, 1999)

Behrang,Fahimeh, U.S Foreign Policy Interests and Iran’s Nuclear Program, tesis, Canada, University of Saskatchewan, 2012

Nincic, Miroslav, The National Interest and Its Interpretation, The review of Politics Vol. 61 No. 1, 1999

Rizky,Resty Meiva, Perubahan Kebijakan Nuklir Iran Di Era Pemerintahan Hassan Rouhani, Jurnal Mahasiswa Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik 2, Riau, Universitas Riau, 2015

Sterio,Milena, President Obama’s Legacy: The Iran Nuclear Agreement, Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law Vol. 48, 2016, https://scholarlycommons.law.case.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2236&context=jil, diakses 5 September 2019

Cordesman, Anthony H. dan Khalid R. Al-Rodhan, Iranian Nuclear Weapons? The Uncertain Nature of Iran’s Nuclear Programs, Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2006, https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/legacy_files/files/media/csis/pubs/060412_iran_uncertainty.pdf, diakses 4 September 2019

Cherkaoui,Mohammed, Trump’s Withdrawal from the Iran Nuclear Deal: Security or Economics, Aljazeera Centre for Studies, 2018, https://studies.aljazeera.net/sites/default/files/articles/reports/documents/d6a4c71882da438e9de76152c7e3a8dc_100.pdf, diakses 5 September 2019

CRF, War in Iraq, https://www.crf-usa.org/war-in-iraq/foreign-policy.html, diakses 5 November 2019

Croft, A, Iran Nuclear Talks Show Progress, Western Diplomat Says, Reuters, 2013. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iran-nuclear-talks/iran-nuclear-talks-constructive-western-diplomat-says-idUSBRE91R1IO20130228, diakses 4 September 2019

CRS Report, Iran: Internal Politics and U.S. Policy and Options, Congressional Research Service 2019

DonaldJTrump.com, Donald Trump Foreign Policy Speech

Hastedt, Glenn, Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, (New York: Facts On File, Inc, 2004)

Noviyanti, Polemik Perubahan Kebijakan Amerika Serikat dalam Kesepakatan The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Nuklir Iran, LIPI, 2019.http://www.politik.lipi.go.id/kolom/kolom-1/politik-internasional/1288-polemik-perubahan-kebijakan-amerika-serikat-dalam-kesepakatan-the-joint-comprehensvie-plan-of-action-jcpoa-nuklir-iran, diakses 4 September 2019

Pujayanti, Adirini, Sengketa Nuklir Iran-Amerika Serikat, Puslit BKD, 2019,https://berkas.dpr.go.id/puslit/files/info_singkat/Info%20Singkat-XI-10-II-P3DI-Mei-2019-179.pdf, diakses 5 September 2019

Thompson, Jack, Trump’s Middle East Policy, Center for Security Studies, No. 233, 2018, https://css.ethz.ch/content/dam/ethz/special-interest/gess/cis/center-for-securities-studies/pdfs/CSSAnalyse233-EN.pdf, diakses 7 November 2019

Thompson, Jack dan Oliver Thränert, Trump Preparing to End Iran Nuke Deal, Center for Security Studies, Vol. 5 No. 5, 2017, https://css.ethz.ch/en/services/digital-library/articles/article.html/fe01edc1-abc5-4367-b208-ee198d566b43/pdf, diakses 26 Desember 2019

BBC News, Amerika Serikat terapkan 'sanksi terberat', apakah Iran bisa tumbang?, 5 November 2018, https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/dunia-46093285, diakses 5 September 2019

BBC News, Iran nuclear crisis in 300 words, September 2019.https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48201138, diakses 4 September 2019

CNN, Polemik Pakta Nuklir Iran: Optimisme yang Terancam Kandas, 9 Mei 2019, https://www.cnnindonesia.com/internasional/20190509134640-120-393376/polemik-pakta-nuklir-iran-optimisme-yang-terancam-kandas, diakses 5 September 2019

France 24, Iran answers Trump’s maximum pressure with maximum resistance, 8 November 2019, https://www.france24.com/en/20191108-iran-answers-trump-s-maximum-pressure-with-maximum-resistance, diakses 26 Desember 2019

VOA, AS Siap Terapkan Sanksi Baru terhadap Iran, 24 Juni 2019, https://www.voaindonesia.com/a/as-terapkan-sanksi-baru-terhadap-iran/4971499.html, diakses 5 September 2019




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29240/jf.v5i1.1365

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Hendra Maujana Saragih, Mega Murti Lestari, Nurmaida Muis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

INDEXED BY:

MorarefCrossref  Google Scholar Indonesia One Search PKP IndexDimensions

 



View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

.